A person affected by mental or physical illness being unable to carry out activities is termed as sick.
An employee/worker is allowed or entitled to a paid sick leave or simply sick leave if he/she needs rest being sick or to address his/her health through a medical appointment. Sick leave is not similar to a paid vacation. During a paid vacation, an employee is entitled to take time off from work for a fixed number of days in a year. Several organizations and companies out there ask for a doctor’s prescription for the approval of sick leaves. Often the maximum number of days is fixed by the company that an employee is entitled to as the leave period. Beyond the days of the sick leave, the extra days spent are treated as unpaid leave.
Certain modern organizations and companies even permit their employees with sick leave to attend to their family members who are unhealthy or sick.
Some countries have well-prepared laws guiding sick leave. In India, sick leave of 10 days can be availed by an employee every year as per the state laws. However, several private companies do not provide the provision of sick leave.