What is CTC in salary? A Detailed Guide

Each day, someone new is entering the corporate sector as a professional. Depending on their skills, job roles, profile, and position, everyone is drawing different amounts of remuneration too.

However, if they’re asked what all components make up their salary, they’d most probably give off puzzled looks. To wipe off those doubts and questions from the minds, this blog will clear up some of the core elements. Attributes like CTC, what is CTC, CTC full form, what is CTC in salary, how to calculate CTC, etc., and some more, are going to be illustrated.

We’ll set forth a description of Cost to Company, and then the other components accordingly.

1.  What is CTC and CTC full form?

Cost to Company or CTC as it is known by most is the monetary amount a company spends on an employee when hiring or anything.

CTC comprises components like House Rent Allowance (HRA), Provident Fund (PF), Medical Insurance, etc., among other contributions that are added to the basic salary.

2.  What is CTC in salary?

Still, a lot of people aren’t aware of what is CTC in salary. The Cost to Company refers to the total salary package inclusive of all monthly components such as the base pay, sundry allowances, etc., and annual fractions such as gratuity, variable pays, annual bonus, etc.

To put it simply, CTC is the cost an employer carts to recruit and retain their workforce. To check your CTC roughly, you can always use the simple formula to calculate it.

CTC = Gross Salary + Benefits.

Understanding CTC and components of the payroll is a crucial aspect for every individual working in the corporate sector. Know all the components that together make-up your monthly/annual salary.

3.  Constituents of Cost to Company (CTC)

As elaborated, CTC involves several elements that together make up the end result. To know a few common components of cost to company, we’ve compiled a table to portray the same.

CTC constitutes the sum total of all direct benefits (annual allowance of an employee) + all indirect benefits (the amount by an employer for employees) + additional contributions (saving schemes of the employee).

Direct Benefits Indirect Benefits Saving Contributions
Base Pay Office Rents Gratuity
(House Rent Allowance)
Income Tax Savings EPF (Employer Provident Fund)
LTA (Leave Travel Allowance) Company Leases Pension Schemes
Vehicle Allowance Insurances paid by the employer  
Medical Allowance Food Coupons/Meals  
DA (Dearness Allowance) No interest loans  
Phone Allowance    
Special Allowance    
Conveyance Allowance    

4.  How to calculate CTC?

CTC includes all monetary and non-monetary amounts that are spent on an employee.

As we mentioned;

CTC = Gross pay + Direct benefits + Indirect benefits + Savings contributions    or    CTC = All Earnings + All Deductions

To attain the final result, we’ll have to calculate a few things initially.

Gross Salary = Base Pay + Direct Benefits

For example – Mr. X is drawing a salary of 50,000 and the company pays some additional amounts such as health insurance, conveyance allowance, EPF, etc., which amounts to around 40,000. So, his CTC would be 90,000 by summing all earnings and deductions.

Now that we’ve cleared how to compute your CTC, we’ll have a brief discussion over other fields. Take-home salary is yet another important aspect when it comes to an employee’s salary. The sum amount that an employee is finally credited with. Also called salary in-hand.

 ∴ Take-home salary = gross salary – [12% pf contribution(Employee) + LWF(Employee) + ESIC (If Applicable)]

5.  Know your salary and its components through a Salary Calculator

Salary calculators are the digital tools available today to compute your salary and its components within a few seconds. Whatever amount a person is drawing monthly and what are the components of that monthly sum, can be known through a salary calculator.

Salary calculators are often integrated with all local, state, and national taxes, laws, and norms.

A diverse range of salary calculators are at people’s disposal nowadays. To name a few prominent ones; take-home salary calculators and income tax calculators are the ones used the most.

6. What is the difference between Gross salary and CTC?

The whole amount including the basic pay and other benefits provided to the employees in an organization is referred to as CTC. Gross income of an employee is referred to as CTC. But the net salary paid to an employee refers to the in-hand salary received by an employee.

7. What benefits are included in the CTC?

In addition to income or basic pay, CTC includes various benefits such as:

1. Direct Benefits- It refers to the amount provided to the employee monthly by employer, which is taxable.

2. Indirect Benefits- These are the benefits which can’t be encashed  by the employee. They are included in CTC as they costs the company.

3. Saving Contributions- This is the monetary value added to the CTC such as EPF, gratuity.

8. Process Payroll with Zimyo

Zimyo payroll software helps businesses in multiple ways, and a few are listed below to give a brief insight.

1. Zimyo payroll management processes the entire organization’s monthly salary in just 3 clicks.

2. The software when integrated with the recruitment system – auto-calculates CTC as per the stored information and defined rules.

The employees can access their CTC breakup, salary slips, tax regimes, and declarations, etc., whenever they require.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

CTC stands for Cost to Company. It is the total cost incurred by any organization on a particular amount. 

Take home salary refers to the net amount received by an employee after all the deductions, taxes and benefits while CTC includes the spending by an employer on a particular employee and it includes allowances and deductions.

CTC includes number of components such as basic salary, HRA, Medical allowance, EPF contribution etc.

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