The apprentice Act of 1961 was a movement by the Central government to fill the gap in the availability of skilled labour in India by producing them domestically. The act makes it compulsory for employers to recruit apprentices and provide training.
The objective of the Apprentice Act 1961 is clear from its preamble, which states that it is an Act to regulate the engagement of apprentices and learners in certain establishments and declaration thereof as prescribed under the act.
An apprentice is generally an unskilled worker learning a trade from a more experienced worker. In some cases, an apprentice may be paid for their work, but in many cases, they will work for free in exchange for learning the trade. Once an apprentice has completed their training, they can typically find employment as a journeyman (a fully-qualified tradesperson). Apprenticeship programs vary significantly in length, but most take several years to complete.
Apprentice is not a worker in the traditional sense since they do not receive any monetary compensation for his work on the show. However, one could argue that he does receive other forms of compensation, such as exposure and experience.
The Apprentice Act 1961 lays down the rules and regulations regarding apprenticeship training in India.
To be eligible for appointment as an apprentice, a candidate must fulfill the following criteria:
Other conditions that may be prescribed in this regard in all India apprentices include that the candidate must be a citizen of India and must have completed his schooling.