Factory-act | Meaning and Definition

What is a factory? 

A factory is a place where goods are made with the help of machinery, labor, and systems. The risk factor is also high due to the various machines present in the factory. The workers employed in a factory can face many problems, such as probable health problems due to inhalation of smoke or accidental inhalation of fumes from the manufacturing process. Keeping these aspects in mind, the government enforced the Factory-Act Law.

What is Factory-Act? 

The Factory Act came into existence on 28th August 1948. This act is a constitutional act that was introduced and enforced by the government to ensure the safety of laborers working in a factory and their social welfare. This act ensures the safety and welfare of the workers in the long term. 

What are the objectives of Factory-Act? 

The Factory Act 1948 includes health, which states that the people working in the factory, i.e., the factory workers, must be given a proper and healthy environment, proper precautions when needed, and proper lighting and air to breathe in the factory.

Working Hours: 

The working hours for the workers in the factory should be fixed. The working hours should not cross the limit of 48 hours in a week. 


The availability of proper safety measures for the workers in the factory.


The availability of various facilities for the factory workers, i.e., supplying rooms for resting and staying, providing water to wash the clothes and providing facilities to dry the clothes, first aid, and other emergency needs when required.


The ones committing any type of crime or mistakes should be dealt with according to the company’s policies.

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