Apprentices Act | Meaning and Definition

What is the apprentice act 1961?

The apprentice Act of 1961 was a movement by the Central government to fill the gap in the availability of skilled labour in India by producing them domestically. The act makes it compulsory for employers to recruit them and provide training.

The objective of this act is clear from its preamble, which states that it is an Act to regulate the engagement of learners in certain establishments and declaration thereof as prescribed under the act. 

What is the meaning of Apprentice? 

Generally they are unskilled worker learning a trade from a more experienced worker. In some cases, they may be paid for their work, but in many cases, they will work for free in exchange for learning the trade. Once an apprentice has completed their training, they can typically find employment as a journeyman (a fully-qualified tradesperson). These programs vary significantly in length, but most take several years to complete. 

They are not a worker in the traditional sense since they do not receive any monetary compensation for his work on the show. However, one could argue that he does receive other forms of compensation, such as exposure and experience. 

Eligibility Criteria

The Apprentice Act 1961 lays down the rules and regulations regarding apprenticeship training in India. 

To be eligible for appointment, a candidate must fulfill the following criteria:

  • Should be more than 14 years of age
  • Must be physically fit to fulfill standards of education specified 

Other conditions that may be prescribed in this regard in all India apprentices include that the candidate must be a citizen of India and must have completed his schooling.

Is apprentice a worker?

According to Section 18 of the Act every apprentice in a particular industry shall be treated as trainee rather than worker. The laws pertaining to labour also do not apply to apprentice, except certain specified acts.  
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