What is an Unemployment Insurance Scheme?
The UAE Unemployment Insurance Scheme or Involuntary Loss of Employment (ILOE) program is a form of insurance/ social security that provides the residents of Dubai and other Gulf countries working in the private sector, financial support if they lose their jobs due to unforeseen circumstances or termination of employees.
The main aim of this scheme is to ensure the living needs of the unemployed. This scheme relaxes employees from the fear of losing their jobs. The financial support is provided in return for a monthly premium paid by the worker during his employment period. The compensation is provided in the form of cash.
Scope of the scheme
This scheme applies to all the private and federal sectors except the following:
- Those who have their own business or invest in other businesses
- Domestic workers
- Employees on a contract or temporary basis
- People under the age of 18
- People who are retired from their job and work with another employer
Cost of UAE Unemployment Insurance Scheme
The cost of UAE unemployment insurance subscription is classified under two categories:
How to subscribe to the UAE Unemployment Insurance Scheme?
A person eligible for this scheme may subscribe via various means such as the Involuntary Loss of Employment Scheme website, application, bank ATMs, kiosk machines, service centers, money exchange companies etc, which is announced by MoHRE (Ministry of Human Resource Emirates).
Listed companies that provide insurance policy
Dubai Insurance Company is the representative of insurance pool that consists of the 8 national insurance companies:
1. Dubai Insurance Company
2. Abu Dhabi National Insurance Company
3. Al Ain Ahlia Insurance Company
4. Emirates Insurance Company
5. National General Insurance Company
6. Orient Insurance
7. Oman Insurance Company
8. Orient UNB Takaful Company
How to file the compensation claim?
The workers must submit a claim within 30 days of unemployment with valid proof. The insurance company generally takes two weeks from receiving the claim to transfer the funds to the insured’s bank account.
The Insurance Company must process the insurance claims in adherence to the terms and conditions of the Central Bank of UAE. The compensation provided to the employee will be paid from the date the person loses the job and this amount will be paid for 3 months or until the person finds the new job, whichever happens first.
Any breach of terms and conditions of insurance policy by insurance companies with respect to the private sector employees in UAE will be regulated by MoHRE.
Concerning the employees of the Federal government, the Federal Authority for Government Human Resources will implement the mechanism in collaboration with the Ministry of Finance.
What is the eligibility of UAE Unemployment Insurance Scheme
To be eligible for the compensation, employees must have been paying the premium amount for consecutive 12 months.
Dismal of Compensation
In the following circumstances, the worker will lose his/her eligibility to receive the compensation amount:
- If the employee was dismissed from their organization for disciplinary reasons under UAE Labor Law in the private sector.
- If fraud has been involved in the loss of unemployment
- If the organization where the employee works is fictitious
Objectives of the UAE Unemployment Insurance Scheme
The major objective of the UAE unemployment insurance scheme is to:
- Provide the insured with a decent amount to cover the cost of living during the unemployment period.
- Enhance the competitiveness of Emirates in the global market
- Provide social protection to ensure decent living during the unemployment period
- Achieve a competitive advantage economically by attracting and retaining the best talent
Regulations governing the UAE Unemployment Insurance Scheme
Following are the regulations that govern the UAE Unemployment Insurance Scheme:
- Federal Decree Law No 13 of 2022 concerning Unemployment Insurance Schemes
- Cabinet Resolution No 97 of 2022 concerning Procedures and Controls for Implementing UAE Unemployment Insurance Scheme.
Deadline Extension for subscribing Unemployment Insurance Scheme
Previously the Ministry of Human Resource Emirates had given the eligible employees until 30 June 2023 to subscribe to the unemployment insurance program and if they fail to subscribe a fine of AED 400 will be imposed. This date has been extended till 1 October 2023 and a penalty will be imposed on non-subscribers.
Payment of unemployment insurance contributions
According to the regulations and guidelines of MoHRE, it is the responsibility of employees, not employers, to enroll in compulsory unemployment insurance programs.To avoid the penalties and recurring fines employers should subscribe to unemployment insurance before the due date.
Employers may also wish to pay the unemployment insurance amount on behalf of the employees. At present, the IOLE program allows this choice only for mainland employers, because free-zone entities are yet to be registered.
Employers should remind their employees regularly to subscribe to the unemployment insurance program and urge employees to consider the impact of noncompliance of the same.
Employers should also factor in contribution costs and administrative processes with respect to the equalized assignees.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
The Unemployment Insurance is a security that provides financial support to employees if they loss their jobs.
Yes it is mandatory for every employee to register themselves in the Unemployment Insurance in UAE and failing to do so may result in legal complications.
The last date to enroll in UAE Unemployment Insurance in UAE has been extended from 30 June 2023 to 30 September 2023.
You can submit the claim through three approved claim channels the insurance pool’s e-portal, the insurance pool’s smart application, and the insurance pool’s call centre.